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Starting blocks are equipments that track and field athletes use at the start of sprinting events. Starting blocks vary in style but the basic components are a middle rail with two pedals or pads on either side that can be adjusted for each runner. Proper coaching is necessary to achieve success with starting blocks, but with the right amount of practice and understanding of the starting blocks, sprinters will find that blocks to improve their performances.
Starting blocks originated in late 1920’s. At that time there were holes in the ground. By 1935 they were patented and by 1937, they were used in sprint races. Since then, starting blocks have changed in terms of how high should the pad be and how much contact the foot should have with the pad.
In the track and field race, runners are assigned lanes in the running track. To make the runner stay within the lane assigned to him at the beginning of the race, heavy, solid blocks known as starting blocks are provided so that he can gain a considerable momentum advantage. This device is used by professionals and advanced runners, while it is not meant for newcomers. If inexperienced or new runners use this device, it can create a bad form or injure their underdeveloped leg muscles. In addition, new runners will jump-upward, instead of forward-when using a starting block, negating any time advantage and putting the runner at a distinct disadvantage.